Tajikistan is expected to celebrate introduction of the first unit of the Roghun hydroelectric power plant (HPP) into operation on a large scale. 

Gala concert and theatrical show will be organized in Dushanbe on the occasion of introduction of the first unit of the Roghun HPP into operation, which coincides with President’s Day.  President’s Day is marke din Tajikistan on November 16.  

Besides, a number of roundtables and seminars dedicated to President’s Day as well as an exhibition of books by President Emomali Rahmon will take place in Dushanbe on the same day, an official source at the Dushanbe mayor’ office told Asia-Plus in an interview.  

According to the Ministry of Energy and Water Resources (MoEWR),  at the initial stage after being introduced into operation, the capacity of the first unit will be 100 MW and it will generate up to 350 million kWh of electricity per year.

The second unit of the Roghun hydropower plant is expected to be introduced into operation in April next year.  The last sixth unit of the plant will be introduced into operation in 2028, when plant’s dam will reach the planned height.

Recall, specialists from Ukraine’s Dnipro-SGEM and Electrotyazhmash have installed the rotor of Unit 6, the first of the six future units of the Roghun hydroelectric power plant (HPP).

According to Dnipro-SGEM, the work on installing the rotor weighing 850 tons was completed on July 5.  Unit 6 is reportedly expected to be introduced into operation on November 16, 2018 and Unit 5 is expected to be introduced into operation in 2019.  

Tajikistan stemmed the flow of the Vakhsh River for construction of the Roghun HPP in late October 2016.  Explosions were used on October 29, 2016 to block the main riverbed of the Vakhsh River, marking the first substantial step toward building the dam.  The work on the Vakhsh River has not affected existing hydroelectric facilities downstream.

Roghun HPP is an embankment dam in the preliminary stages of construction on the Vakhsh River in southern Tajikistan.  It is one of the planned hydroelectric power plants of Vakhsh Cascade.

The Roghun HPP was first proposed in 1959 and a technical scheme was developed by 1965.  Construction began in 1976 but the project was frozen after the collapse of the Soviet Union.

An agreement on finishing the construction was signed between Tajikistan and Russia in 1994; however, as the agreement was not implemented, it was denounced by Tajikistan parliament.

In October 2004, Tajikistan signed an agreement with Russia's RusAl aluminum company, according to which RusAl agreed to complete the Roghun facility and rebuild the Tursunzoda aluminum smelter.  In August 2007, Tajikistan formally revoked a contract with RusAl, accusing it of failing to fulfill the contract.

In April 2008, Tajikistan founded OJSC NBO Roghun with an authorized capital of 116 million somoni for completing the construction of the Roghun HPP.  Current authorized capital of OJSC NBO Roghun reportedly amounts to more than 12 billion somoni.

To raise funds to complete construction of the Roghun HPP the government started to sell shares in Roghun to people on January 6, 2010.  Tajikistan has reportedly issued 6 billion somoni worth of Roghun shares.  The sale of Roghun shares has reportedly earned the government 980 million somoni.  

In response to the request of the bordering countries and especially Uzbekistan, the World Bank has financed the Techno-Economic Assessment Study (TEAS) conducted by consortium of Coyne et Bellier, Electroconsult and IPA Energy + Water Economics, and Environmental and Social Impact Assessment (ESIA) conducted by Poyry. The ESIA was published on June 16, 2014 and the TEAS in July 2014.  Overall, the ESIA stated that “Most impacts are rather small and easily mitigated, if mitigation is required at all.” and that “There is no impact of the category “strong negative, mitigation not possible,” which would have to be considered as a no-go for the project.”

In 2016, construction duties on Roghun were assigned to Italian company Salini Impregilo.  It is estimated that the project will cost $3.9 billion to complete.

The project is broken down into four components, with the most expensive one involving the building of a 335-meter-high rockfill dam — the tallest in the world — which will entail costs of around $1.95 billion.

If built as planned, the dam will be the tallest in the world at 335 meters and have a capacity of 3600 MW.

Tajik President Emomali Rahmon on January 31 received Mr. Pietro Salini, Chief Executive Officer (CEO) of Salini Impregilo.

After a meeting with the Tajik head of state, Mr. Pietro Salini told reporters that he promised Emomali Rahmon to introduce the first unit of the Roghun HPP into operation on November 16, 2018.